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时间:2016-04-09 00:00:00 编辑:简简单单 来源:转载

下面是一个php数据库备份的源代码,大家也可以根据自己的需求进行修改。

// 备份数据库
$host = "localhost";
$user = "root"; //数据库账号
$password = ""; //数据库密码
$dbname = "mysql"; //数据库名称
// 这里的账号、密码、名称都是从页面传过来的
if (!mysql_connect($host, $user, $password)) // 连接mysql数据库
{
 echo '数据库连接失败,请核对后再试';
    exit;
}
if (!mysql_select_db($dbname)) // 是否存在该数据库
{
 echo '不存在数据库:' . $dbname . ',请核对后再试';
    exit;
}
mysql_query("set names 'utf8'");
$mysql = "set charset utf8;\r\n";
$q1 = mysql_query("show tables");
while ($t = mysql_fetch_array($q1))
{
    $table = $t[0];
    $q2 = mysql_query("show create table `$table`");
    $sql = mysql_fetch_array($q2);
    $mysql .= $sql['Create Table'] . ";\r\n";
    $q3 = mysql_query("select * from `$table`");
    while ($data = mysql_fetch_assoc($q3))
    {
        $keys = array_keys($data);
        $keys = array_map('addslashes', $keys);
        $keys = join('`,`', $keys);
        $keys = "`" . $keys . "`";
        $vals = array_values($data);
        $vals = array_map('addslashes', $vals);
        $vals = join("','", $vals);
        $vals = "'" . $vals . "'";
        $mysql .= "insert into `$table`($keys) values($vals);\r\n";
    }
}
 
$filename = $dbname . date('Ymjgi') . ".sql"; //存放路径,默认存放到项目最外层
$fp = fopen($filename, 'w');
fputs($fp, $mysql);
fclose($fp);
echo "数据备份成功";
?>

如果使用的是thinkphp可以使用下面代码来备份mysql数据库

 // www.111cn.net
class BaksqlAction extends CommonAction {
 
    public $config = '';                                                        //相关配置
    public $model = '';                                                         //实例化一个model
    public $content;                                                            //内容
    public $dbName = '';                                                        //数据库名
    public $dir_sep = '/';                                                      //路径符号
 
    //初始化数据
 
    function _initialize() {
        parent::_initialize();
        header("Content-type: text/html;charset=utf-8");
        set_time_limit(0);                                                      //不超时
        ini_set('memory_limit','500M');
        $this->config = array(
            'path' => C('DB_BACKUP'),                                           //备份文件存在哪里
            'isCompress' => 0,                                                  //是否开启gzip压缩      【未测试】
            'isDownload' => 0                                                   //备份完成后是否下载文件 【未测试】
        );
        $this->dbName = C('DB_NAME');                                           //当前数据库名称
        $this->model = new Model();
        //$sql = 'set interactive_timeout=24*3600';                             //空闲多少秒后 断开链接
        //$this->model>execute($sql);
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 已备份数据列表
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    function index() {
        $path = $this->config['path'];
        $fileArr = $this->MyScandir($path);
        foreach ($fileArr as $key => $value) {
            if ($key > 1) {
                //获取文件创建时间
                $fileTime = date('Y-m-d H:i:s', filemtime($path . '/' . $value));
                $fileSize = filesize($path . '/' . $value) / 1024;
                //获取文件大小
                $fileSize = $fileSize < 1024 ? number_format($fileSize, 2) . ' KB' :
                        number_format($fileSize / 1024, 2) . ' MB';
                //构建列表数组
                $list[] = array(
                    'name' => $value,
                    'time' => $fileTime,
                    'size' => $fileSize
                );
            }
        }
        $this->assign('list', $list);
        $this->display();
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 获取数据表
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    function tablist() {
        $list = $this->model->query("SHOW TABLE STATUS FROM {$this->dbName}");  //得到表的信息
        //echo $Backup->getLastSql();
        $this->assign('list', $list);
        $this->display();
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 备份整个数据库
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    function backall() {
        $tables = $this->getTables();
        if ($this->backup($tables)) {
            $this->success('数据库备份成功!', '/public/ok');
        } else {
            $this->error('数据库备份失败!');
        }
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 按表备份,可批量
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    function backtables() {
        $tab = $_REQUEST['tab'];
        if (is_array($tab))
            $tables = $tab;
        else
            $tables[] = $tab;
        if ($this->backup($tables)) {
            if (is_array($tab))
                $this->success('数据库备份成功!');
            else
                $this->success('数据库备份成功!', '/public/ok');
        } else {
            $this->error('数据库备份失败!');
        }
    }
 
    //还原数据库
    function recover() {
        if ($this->recover_file($_GET['file'])) {
            $this->success('数据还原成功!', '/public/ok');
        } else {
            $this->error('数据还原失败!');
        }
    }
 
    //删除数据备份
    function deletebak() {
        if (unlink($this->config['path'] . $this->dir_sep . $_GET['file'])) {
            $this->success('删除备份成功!', '/public/ok');
        } else {
            $this->error('删除备份失败!');
        }
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 下载备份文件
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    function downloadBak() {
        $file_name = $_GET['file'];
        $file_dir = $this->config['path'];
        if (!file_exists($file_dir . "/" . $file_name)) { //检查文件是否存在
            return false;
            exit;
        } else {
            $file = fopen($file_dir . "/" . $file_name, "r"); // 打开文件
            // 输入文件标签
            header('Content-Encoding: none');
            header("Content-type: application/octet-stream");
            header("Accept-Ranges: bytes");
            header("Accept-Length: " . filesize($file_dir . "/" . $file_name));
            header('Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary');
            header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=" . $file_name);  //以真实文件名提供给浏览器下载
            header('Pragma: no-cache');
            header('Expires: 0');
            //输出文件内容
            echo fread($file, filesize($file_dir . "/" . $file_name));
            fclose($file);
            exit;
        }
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 获取 目录下文件数组
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ $FilePath 目录路径
     * * @ $Order    排序
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 获取指定目录下的文件列表,返回数组
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function MyScandir($FilePath = './', $Order = 0) {
        $FilePath = opendir($FilePath);
        while ($filename = readdir($FilePath)) {
            $fileArr[] = $filename;
        }
        $Order == 0 ? sort($fileArr) : rsort($fileArr);
        return $fileArr;
    }
 
    /*     * ******************************************************************************************** */
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 读取备份文件
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ $fileName 文件名
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function getFile($fileName) {
        $this->content = '';
        $fileName = $this->trimPath($this->config['path'] . $this->dir_sep . $fileName);
        if (is_file($fileName)) {
            $ext = strrchr($fileName, '.');
            if ($ext == '.sql') {
                $this->content = file_get_contents($fileName);
            } elseif ($ext == '.gz') {
                $this->content = implode('', gzfile($fileName));
            } else {
                $this->error('无法识别的文件格式!');
            }
        } else {
            $this->error('文件不存在!');
        }
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 把数据写入磁盘
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function setFile() {
        $recognize = '';
        $recognize = $this->dbName;
        $fileName = $this->trimPath($this->config['path'] . $this->dir_sep . $recognize . '_' . date('YmdHis') . '_' . mt_rand(100000000, 999999999) . '.sql');
        $path = $this->setPath($fileName);
        if ($path !== true) {
            $this->error("无法创建备份目录目录 '$path'");
        }
        if ($this->config['isCompress'] == 0) {
            if (!file_put_contents($fileName, $this->content, LOCK_EX)) {
                $this->error('写入文件失败,请检查磁盘空间或者权限!');
            }
        } else {
            if (function_exists('gzwrite')) {
                $fileName .= '.gz';
                if ($gz = gzopen($fileName, 'wb')) {
                    gzwrite($gz, $this->content);
                    gzclose($gz);
                } else {
                    $this->error('写入文件失败,请检查磁盘空间或者权限!');
                }
            } else {
                $this->error('没有开启gzip扩展!');
            }
        }
        if ($this->config['isDownload']) {
            $this->downloadFile($fileName);
        }
    }
 
    private function trimPath($path) {
        return str_replace(array('/', '\\', '//', '\\\\'), $this->dir_sep, $path);
    }
 
    private function setPath($fileName) {
        $dirs = explode($this->dir_sep, dirname($fileName));
        $tmp = '';
        foreach ($dirs as $dir) {
            $tmp .= $dir . $this->dir_sep;
            if (!file_exists($tmp) && !@mkdir($tmp, 0777))
                return $tmp;
        }
        return true;
    }
 
    //未测试
    private function downloadFile($fileName) {
        ob_end_clean();
        header("Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0");
        header('Content-Description: File Transfer');
        header('Content-Type: application/octet-stream');
        header('Content-Length: ' . filesize($fileName));
        header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=' . basename($fileName));
        readfile($fileName);
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 给字符串添加 ` `
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ $str 字符串
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 返回 `$str`
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function backquote($str) {
        return "`{$str}`";
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 获取数据库的所有表
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ $dbName  数据库名称
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function getTables($dbName = '') {
        if (!empty($dbName)) {
            $sql = 'SHOW TABLES FROM ' . $dbName;
        } else {
            $sql = 'SHOW TABLES ';
        }
        $result = $this->model->query($sql);
        $info = array();
        foreach ($result as $key => $val) {
            $info[$key] = current($val);
        }
        return $info;
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 把传过来的数据 按指定长度分割成数组
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ $array 要分割的数据
     * * @ $byte  要分割的长度
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 把数组按指定长度分割,并返回分割后的数组
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function chunkArrayByByte($array, $byte = 5120) {
        $i = 0;
        $sum = 0;
        $return = array();
        foreach ($array as $v) {
            $sum += strlen($v);
            if ($sum < $byte) {
                $return[$i][] = $v;
            } elseif ($sum == $byte) {
                $return[++$i][] = $v;
                $sum = 0;
            } else {
                $return[++$i][] = $v;
                $i++;
                $sum = 0;
            }
        }
        return $return;
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 备份数据 { 备份每张表、视图及数据 }
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ $tables 需要备份的表数组
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function backup($tables) {
        if (empty($tables))
            $this->error('没有需要备份的数据表!');
        $this->content = '/* This file is created by MySQLReback ' . date('Y-m-d H:i:s') . ' */';
        foreach ($tables as $i => $table) {
            $table = $this->backquote($table);                                  //为表名增加 ``
            $tableRs = $this->model->query("SHOW CREATE TABLE {$table}");       //获取当前表的创建语句
            if (!empty($tableRs[0]["Create View"])) {
                $this->content .= "\r\n /* 创建视图结构 {$table}  */";
                $this->content .= "\r\n DROP VIEW IF EXISTS {$table};/* MySQLReback Separation */ " . $tableRs[0]["Create View"] . ";/* MySQLReback Separation */";
            }
            if (!empty($tableRs[0]["Create Table"])) {
                $this->content .= "\r\n /* 创建表结构 {$table}  */";
                $this->content .= "\r\n DROP TABLE IF EXISTS {$table};/* MySQLReback Separation */ " . $tableRs[0]["Create Table"] . ";/* MySQLReback Separation */";
                $tableDateRow = $this->model->query("SELECT * FROM {$table}");
                $valuesArr = array();
                $values = '';
                if (false != $tableDateRow) {
                    foreach ($tableDateRow as &$y) {
                        foreach ($y as &$v) {
                           if ($v=='')                                  //纠正empty 为0的时候  返回tree
                                $v = 'null';                                    //为空设为null
                            else
                                $v = "'" . mysql_escape_string($v) . "'";       //非空 加转意符
                        }
                        $valuesArr[] = '(' . implode(',', $y) . ')';
                    }
                }
                $temp = $this->chunkArrayByByte($valuesArr);
                if (is_array($temp)) {
                    foreach ($temp as $v) {
                        $values = implode(',', $v) . ';/* MySQLReback Separation */';
                        if ($values != ';/* MySQLReback Separation */') {
                            $this->content .= "\r\n /* 插入数据 {$table} */";
                            $this->content .= "\r\n INSERT INTO {$table} VALUES {$values}";
                        }
                    }
                }
//                dump($this->content);
//                exit;
            }
        }
 
        if (!empty($this->content)) {
            $this->setFile();
        }
        return true;
    }
 
    /* -
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ 还原数据
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     * * @ $fileName 文件名
     * +------------------------------------------------------------------------
     */
 
    private function recover_file($fileName) {
        $this->getFile($fileName);
        if (!empty($this->content)) {
            $content = explode(';/* MySQLReback Separation */', $this->content);
            foreach ($content as $i => $sql) {
                $sql = trim($sql);
                if (!empty($sql)) {
                    $mes = $this->model->execute($sql);
                    if (false === $mes) {                                       //如果 null 写入失败,换成 ''
                        $table_change = array('null' => '\'\'');
                        $sql = strtr($sql, $table_change);
                        $mes = $this->model->execute($sql);
                    }
                    if (false === $mes) {                                       //如果遇到错误、记录错误
                        $log_text = '以下代码还原遇到问题:';
                        $log_text.="\r\n $sql";
                        set_log($log_text);
                    }
                }
            }
        } else {
            $this->error('无法读取备份文件!');
        }
        return true;
    }
 
}
?>

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